Automatic Shading Integrated

The Automatic Shading integrated function block is used to control shading devices such as blinds, roller shutters, curtains or awnings.
It is used with shading devices that have an integrated interface for control. (Loxone Ready)
In addition to manual operation, shading can be automated, based on sunlight and room temperature, in combination with Intelligent Room Controller.
The goal is to avoid overheating of a room due to solar radiation.

Table of Contents


Inputs

Abbreviation Summary Description Unit Value Range
Tg Toggle Toggles between open, stop, close.
For single button control.
- 0/1
Po Partial open with push & hold - 0/1
Pc Partial close with push & hold - 0/1
Co Complete open - 0/1
Cc Complete close - 0/1
So Slightly open Venetian blinds close completely and move slats in horizontal position according to parameter (Rd).
Roller blinds, curtains and awnings move into position according to parameter (Rd).
- 0/1
Sps Sun position automatic start Activates the sun position automatic when On at the beginning of the shading period, or also with a pulse during the shading period.
The sun position automatic is deactivated for the rest of the day, if block is operated manually.
- 0/1
DisSp Disable sun position automatic Disables the sun position automatic when On. - 0/1
Spr Sun position automatic restart Pulse restarts the sun position automatic. - 0/1
Wa Wind alarm Moves shading to the wind alarm position set in parameter (Wap) and locks the block. Used for storm protection. - 0/1
Dwc Door/window contact Opens shading completely and locks the block when On.
Manual operation via App is still possible.
- 0/1
Off Off Pulse stops movement. On locks the block.
Dominating input.
- 0/1
Pos Position of shading Move the shading to the specified position. % 0...100
Slat Position of slats Move the slats to the specified position. This input is only visible in certain configurations. % 0...100
T5 T5 control Button 1: Complete open
Button 4: Complete close
-
DisPc Disable periphery control Disables inputs Tg, Po, Pc, Co, Cc, So, T5 when On. (e.g Child lock, cleaning)
Control via user interface is still possible.
- 0/1




Outputs

Abbreviation Summary Description Value Range
Pos Position of shading 0.0 = open, 1.0 = closed 0...1
Slat Position of slats 0.0 = horizontal, 1.0 = vertical This output is only visible in certain configurations. 0...1
Im In motion Blinds in motion 0/1
Blk Motor blocked This output is only visible in certain configurations. 0/1
Obs Obstacle 1 = an obstacle has been detected. This output is only visible in certain configurations. 0/1
Sp Sun position automatic On, if input (Sps) = 1 and input (DisSp) = 0 ...and if the setting “Use sunshine variable” is checked and the sun is shining. 0/1
Wds Wind, door/window contact state Active when input (Wa) or input (Dwc) is 1. 0/1
Off Off Active when input (Off) is 1. 0/1
AC API Connector Intelligent API based connector. -




Parameters

Abbreviation Summary Description Unit Value Range Default Value
Wap Wind alarm position 0 = Completely open
1 = Completely closed
- 0/1 0
Spe Sun position automatic end action 0 = No action
1 = Complete open
2 = Complete close
3 = Set slats horizontal
- 0...3 1
Spm Sun position automatic mode 0 = Optimal brightness (no automatic shading if closed)
1 = Optimal cooling (no automatic shading if closed)
2 = Optimal brightness (as much light in the room as possible, but no direct sunlight)
3 = Optimal cooling (The Sun is blocked as much as possible to keep out the heat)
- 0...3 1
Tlc Time long-click Long-click duration on inputs (Po), (Pc) for complete open / close.
If you prefer a double-click, then set the value > (Opd) or (Cld).
0 = Always start complete travel.
- 3
Tdc Time double-click Double click duration on inputs (Po), (Pc) for complete open / close.
0 = Not used
s 0...∞ 0,3
Dir Compass direction Compass direction of the window:
0 = north
90 = east
180 = south
270 = west
-1 = not configured
- -1...360 -1
Dts Direction tolerance start Direction tolerance for the sun position automatic when the sun enters the shading area. ° 0...90 85
Dte Direction tolerance end Direction tolerance for the sun position automatic when the sun exits the shading area. ° 0...90 85
Spi Sun position automatic interval Specifies how often the slats slats may adjust during sun position automatic control. This parameter is only visible in certain configurations. min 0...∞ 60
Spos Sun position automatic start offset Start offset of the sun position automatic relative to Sunrise. min -90...90 30
Spoe Sun position automatic end offset End offset of the sun position automatic relative to Sunset. min -90...90 -30
Sop Slightly open position Position used for input (So) and (Sps). This parameter is only visible in certain configurations. - 0...1 0,8
Sw Slat width Width of the slats. This parameter is only visible in certain configurations. mm 0...∞ 70
Sd Slat distance Distance between two horizontal slats. This parameter is only visible in certain configurations. mm 0...∞ 60
Spu Slat position upwards movement Relative slat position in percent
0 = Slats are horizontal during upwards movement
50 = Slats are horizontal at 50%, and during upwards movement are turned inwards This parameter is only visible in certain configurations.
% 0...50 0




Properties

Summary Description Default Value
Use sunshine variable Sun position automatic is only activated if the system variable Sunshine and the input Sps are active. -
Assigned device Shading device linked to this function block. Geiger motors with Loxone Air technology and Internorm iTec devices are supported. -




Programming example

You can create this block by dragging a shading motor with integrated interface from the periphery tree to the programming page.
If you add the block manually, a shading motor must be assigned to it.
A Loxone Touch is connected to the block via the T5 input, for operation according to the Loxone Switch Standard.

In addition, the compass direction is specified in parameter (Dir), to ensure that the sun position automatic is only activated when the sun is actually shining on the window. On demand, the Intelligent Room Controller requests shading via the output (Shd) to the input (Sps) of the Automatic Shading block.

When using venetian blinds, the parameters Sw, Sd must also be set for them to be controlled correctly.


Functional Description

When configured with the recommended settings, the sun position automatic is activated when the room controller enables it via input (Sps). If however, the sun position automatic is activated manually, e.g. via App, the signal from the room controller is not required.

The sun position automatic begins when the sun reaches the shading area and ends when it passes.

During this time, the slats are adjusted according to the angle of the sun. At the end, the blinds move to the position specified with parameter (Spe).

Manual shading, independent of the sun's position, can be triggered via input (So) or in the App with "Slightly open". The slats are then adjusted horizontally.

The sun position automatic can be deactivated via input (DisSp).

If the blinds are operated manually during automatic mode (e.g. using an app), then the sun position automatic is deactivated for that day. To reactivate the automatic control, a pulse on input (Spr) or activation via App is necessary.

When the sun position automatic is activated, the blinds may not adjust immediately. Shading only starts based on the position of the sun and the related parameters.

Output (Sp) indicates whether the sun position automatic is active.

To control multiple blinds simultaneously, the corresponding central function block is used.

Additional inputs, outputs and parameters may be required if standard push buttons are used or additional logic is programmed.


Direction parameters

Dir: Compass direction of the shading device relative to the geographical north. (0 = North, 90 = east, 180 = south, 270 = West)

Dts: Direction tolerance when the sun enters the shading device. The directional tolerance is relative to the perpendicular angle of the shading device. Consider, for example, building protrusions. If your shading device is not affected, you can leave this at its default value of 85º.

Dte: Direction tolerance when the sun exits the shading device. The directional tolerance is relative to the perpendicular angle of the shading device. Consider, for example, building protrusions. If your shading device is not affected, you can leave this at its default value of 85º.


Start / End offsets

With parameter (Spos), the sun position automatic will be delayed by this number of minutes after sunrise.
This is relevant for windows that may not get the sun directly after sunrise.

With parameter (Spoe), the sun position automatic will be brought forward by this number of minutes before sunset.
This is relevant for windows that may be affected by the sun prior to sunset.

There are two possible applications for the two parameters:

Often the sun is obscured by other buildings, structures or trees after sunrise and before sunset. Here, the start or end time of the sun position automatic can be adapted to accommodate for these.

Another possibility is to shift the times so that sunrise or sunset can be seen with the shading open.


Slat adjustment

When the sun position automatic is active, the blind slats are adjusted based on the sun's position.
The slats are tilted to an angle that prevents any direct sunlight from entering in between them.

Generally, the adjustment is carried out at the intervals set with parameter (Spi), but only at 15° increments, and only if necessary.
If, for example, the sun's path is at a relatively constant angle, its elevation will hardly change. For this reason, an adjustment is not necessarily carried out at every interval.

When the sun is rising, the value required at each interval is calculated and the slats are adjusted if necessary.
When the sun is setting, the value required for the following interval is calculated at each interval and the slats are adjusted if necessary.